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Strengthening soft foundation by vacuum loading from lower position is a new method of accelerating the consolidation of dredger fill. This paper presents the mechanism of soft foundation strengthening by vacuum loading from lower position and evaluates the effectiveness of this method under various boundary conditions by means of finite element method (FEM) on the basis of Biot's consolidation theory.
The dynamic torsional buckling and post-buckling of elasto-plastic circular cylindrical shell is studied. By the usage of the Bodner-Partom constitutive relation, the present visco-plastic problem is treated as an orthotropic elastic problem. Based on the nonlinear large deflection shell therory, the governing dynamic buckling equation is solved by the Runge-Kutta method, and the critical buckling stress is determined by the B-R criterion. The present paper is mainly focused on the imperfection sensitivity, the strain rate sensitivity, and the dynamic post-buckling characters for the shell loaded dynamically with a constant shear strain rate. Numerical results show that the critical shear stress and imperfection sensitivity will increase with the increase of strain rate. It is found that the elastic buckling stress is more sensitive to imperfection than the visco-plastic buckling. The present research also reveals some dynamic post-buckling characters for the cylindrical shell, and it is shown that the shell will vibrate with the amplitude proportional to the strain rate in elastic buckling but improportional to the strain rate in visco-plastic buckling. An interesting phenomenon is found that when the strain rate is sufficiently high, there is no dynamic visco-plastic buckling occurrence and the shell produces a harmonic oscillation with a very small amplitude.
Combined multi-body dynamics with structural dynamics, a new discrete element with fiexible connector, which is applicable for 3- D beam structures, is developed in this paper. Both the generalized elastic coefficient matrix of the flexible connector and the mass matrix of discrete element may be off-diagonal in a general case. The zero-length rigid element is introduced to simulate the node at which multiple elements are jointed together. It may also be effective when the axes of adjacent elements are not in the same line. The examples for eigenvalue calculation show that the model is successful. It can be extended to the geometric nonlinear response analysis.
In this paper, the underwater vehicle, sling and the mother ship are considered as a single degree of freedom system connected by a spring. Through the analysis of this system, a physical model is established, which describes the motion of the vehicle caused by the ship motion and wave motion. Furthermore, a mathematical model based on this physical model is obtained, and a numerical solution program is made. As an example, a practical launch and recovery system for an underwater robot is calculated by use of the program, and the motion track of the robot is obtained.
In this paper, the nonlinear collapse of the BOHAI-8 pile foundation jacket platform has been analyzed. The ultimate load and collapse process of two computational models of the structure are given. One model is of fixed support whose length is eight times the pile leg diameter and the other considers the nonlinearity of the soil-pile interaction.
A system reliability estimation method for spatial jacket platforms is developed in this paper. The jacket platform is modeled into three-dimensional assembly of spatial beam and plate elements in Finite Element Method (FEM). The limit failure states correspond to collapse of a series of structural members which are identified by engineering design criteria. In this paper the following aspects are taken into account: the punching shear and buckling failures in member failure modes for the tubular joints and tubular columns respectively; incremental loading approach for establishment of the safety margin equations of system failure; the algorithm of enumerating significant failure modes for the structural systems and other concepts, such as the false failure mode and the virtual limit state. The final work is devoted to the reliability analysis for a practical jacket platfonn presently put into operation on the Bohai Sea. The computed results shows that method suggested in this paper is feasible and effective for the evaluation of the system reliability of offshore platforms.
Standing waves are formed due to the reflection when waves meet vertical wall, therefore strong structures are needed to keep the wall stability under the serious wave attack. For the improvement of the working condition and increase of the stability of the wall, the lower reflecting breakwaters have attracted close attention Reports mostly from Japanese researchers are often concerned with the wall of caisson equipped with open windows. In this paper a kind of hollow-pipe perforated breakwater is examined which waves may partially perforate into the harbour basin. The wave in front of the wall can only form partial standing wave and wave force is reduced obviously. And the theoretical calculation of wave force and analysis of wave force spectrum are all derived. Comparison between the results from theoretical calculation and hydraulic modeling shows reasonable agreement.
This paper presents the results of a series of studies on the influence of curing conditions on the strength development of high strength concrete. The 1-, 3-, 7-, 14- and 28-day strengths of four different mixes of Grade 75-80 concrete, with or without pulverized fuel ash and / or condensed silica fume, under five different curing regimes were investigated. It is revealed that the curing conditions have significant influence on both the short term and long term strength development of the concrete and that concrete mixes of the same grade but containing different mineral admixtures show distinct favour for a curing regime. These results will be helpful for evaluating suitable curing methods for high strength concrete with different mix proportions.
In this paper, the dynamic response of undersea -ftowed systems is numerically simulated. A two body towed system is especially considered in detail. The factors influencing the heave of towed-bodies, such as the weight of the towed-body (in sea water), the length and the weight (in sea water) per unit length of the cable between towed-bodies and towing ship, are investigated in detail. Calculations show that the two-body towed system can greatly increases the stability of the towed system.
In this paper, the analysis method of stochastic response of piled offshore platform excited by stationary filtered white noise is presented. With this method, the strong ground motion is considered as three direction stationary filtered white noise process, the theoretic solutions of three special integration equations are derived with the residue theorem, and the expression of response nodal displacements and member forces of offshore platform excited by the stationary filtered white noise is put forward. The stochastic response of a piled offshore platform excited by the stationary filtered white noise, which is located 114.3 m in water depth, is computed. The results are compared with those obtained with the response spectrum analysis method and the stationary white noise model analysis method, and the corresponding conclusion is drawn.
The irregular wave experiment on the stability of the Grate Plate was carried out in the light of the wind wave spectrum recently advanced by Prof. Wen Shengchang. The stability formulas of GP under the action of irregular waves were procured. Comparisons between the formulas obtained and those of GP under regular waves advanced by the first author in 1993 showed a coincident result.
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- Volume 34
- Issue 3
- June 2020
- Superintended by:
CHINA ASSOCIATION FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
- Sponsored by:
Chinese Ocean Engineering Society （COES）
- Edited by:
Nanjing Hydraulic Research Institute
Adaptive Predictive Inverse Control of Offshore Jacket Platform Based on Rough Neural Network
Numerical Simulation of Water Exchange Characteristics of the Jiaozhou Bay Based on A Three-Dimensional Lagrangian Model
A Global Reliability Assessment Method on Aging Offshore Platforms with Corrosion and Cracks