ISSN  0890-5487 CN 32-1441/P

1997 Vol.(2)

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Seismic Response Reduction for Fixed Offshore Platform by Tuned Liquid Damper
1997, (2): -.
[Abstract](345)
Abstract:
An approach to seismic response reduction for offshore platforms by the use of the tuned liquid damper is presented in this paper. First of all, the effects of the tuned frequency ratio and excited frequency ratio on the seismic response reduction of the platform structure are investigated. Based on the results, a mechanical model and equation of motion for the TLD-platform system are established. And then effectiveness of the appraoch is verified by numerical calculation.
Importance Sampling Method in V- Space
1997, (2): -.
[Abstract](382)
Abstract:
Based on the observation of importance sampling and second order information about the failure surface of a structure, an importance sampling region is defined in V-space which is obtained by rotating a U-space at the point of maximum likelihood. The sampling region is a hyper-ellipsoid that consists of the sampling ellipse on each plane of main curvature in V-space. Thus, the sampling probability density function can be constructed by the sampling region center and ellipsoid axes. Several examples have shown the efficiency and generality of this method.
Time-Dependent Reliability Analysis of Offshore Structures
1997, (2): -.
[Abstract](356)
Abstract:
During the life of an offshore structure, its structural strength declines due to various kinds of damages related to the time factor. In this paper, four major kinds of damages, including damages caused by fatigue, dent, corrosion and marine life, are discussed. Based on these analyses, formulas for the evaluation of the damaged structure reliability are derived. Furthermore the computer program ISM for the analysis of structural reliability is developed by the use of Advanced First Order Second Moment method and Monte Carlo Importance Sampling method. The reliability of a turbular joint and a beam are studied as numerical examples. The results show that the theory and the analysis method given in this paper are reasonable and effective.
A Study of Bispectra in Relation to the Adequacy of Wave Spectral Model
1997, (2): -.
[Abstract](344)
Abstract:
In this paper, the characteristics of laboratory wind waves under various wind speeds and water depths are studied. It is found that either the real or the imaginary part of the bispectrum can be related to the asymmetry of the wave profile, and the bicoherence is related to the ratio of nonlinear to linear wave component. Occasionally, these two categories of nonlinear index lead to opposite inferences, because each of them has its own significance and functions. The applicability of linear wave spectral model in ocean waves becomes questionable only when strong nonlinearity is indicated by both of these two indexes. The linear spectral representation of wave fields does not necessarily become inadequate as water depth decreases, and its appropriateness can be examined through the characteristics of the bispectrum.
Fatigue Behavior of Unbonded Partially Prestressed Concrete Beams with Flexure
1997, (2): -.
[Abstract](342)
Abstract:
A study on fatigue behavior of unbonded partially prestressed concrete beams is presented. Model tests have been carried out in static loading and cyclic compressive loading on 15 beams with flexure. The ratios of the lower limit to the upper limit of fatigue load are 0.5 and 0.3 respectively, and the frequencies of cyclic loading are 8 Hz and 4.5 Hz respectively. The experimental results of the strains of the concrete and steel bars, the deflection of test beams, and the crack width of normal section are analyzed. According to statistics and analysis of test results, the corresponding calculation models are developed and presented.
Redundancy Measure and Its Application to the Design and Maintenance of Marine Structures
1997, (2): -.
[Abstract](357)
Abstract:
This paper is a survey of the state-of-the-art knowledge in structural redundancy measure and its application. The existing deterministic and probabilistic measures of structural redundancy are summarized. Emphasis is given to the discussion of their advantages and limitations. The application of damage tolerance concept in the design and maintenance of marine structures is also reviewed. Some most critical problems in structural redundancy are proposed for future research.
Estimation of Axial Pile Bearing Capacity According to Shear Strength Parameters of Soil
1997, (2): -.
[Abstract](349)
Abstract:
At pesent, it is very popular to estimate pile bearing capacity by use of empirical formula and physical indexes of soil provided in the design codes for civil construction in China. This paper attempts to apply mechanical indexes of soil and semi-empirical formulas, which are based on soil mechanical theories and were summarized and presented by Meyerhof in 1976, to calculate the axial pile bearing capacity. Loading test results of 24 single piles in Tianjin area have been collected and compared with the proposed cal-ulation approach.
Stream Function Wave Derived by Unified Variational Principle of Water Gravity Wave
1997, (2): -.
[Abstract](361)
Abstract:
A Study on Impervious and Heat-Insulating Performance of Geomembrane Composites Within Breakwater
1997, (2): -.
[Abstract](351)
Abstract:
This paper investigates the performance of geomembrane composites used as impervious and heat- insulating lining within a breakwater for a power station. The seepage field, distribution of stress- strain contour and seepage discharge of hot water which has been treated as the inner thermal source in the calculation of heat-insulation, have been given by three-dimensional calculation method coupling seepage with stress. The results indicate that the impervious and heat- insulation effect of geomembrane composites is significant.
Safety Level and Reliability Index for Bank Slope Stability
1997, (2): -.
[Abstract](364)
Abstract:

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